Diabetes High Risk Foot Services
Diabetes related foot complications occur mainly as a result of diabetes-related impacts on the nerves, joints and blood vessels. Most foot ulcers occur because there is reduced or absent sensation whereby patients do not feel their injuries and as a consequence delay seeking treatment, continuing to walk on their ulcerated or fractured foot. People with diabetes have more frequent and earlier progression to blockages of the arteries which affects blood flow and ability to heal. Under these conditions, minor injuries (cuts and bruises) and stress fractures can progress to ulcers, infections and amputation.
Inpatient Management of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of glucose in the blood. It is caused either by the inability to produce insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood glucose levels) or by the body not being able to use insulin effectively. Diabetes can lead to acute and chronic complications. In an acute hospital setting, hyperglycaemia can increase risk or infection and other adverse outcomes. Chronic high blood glucose levels are associated with long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of virtually every organ, especially the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys and nerves. As a result people with diabetes are predisposed to comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease, visual loss, amputations and renal failure.